Ferrite magnets are permanently attached and have good mechanical properties that allow them to be cut into different shapes and sizes. These magnets are cut with diamond tools, while standard drills and wire spark erosion techniques do not work because they are electrically insulating.
This occurs because the current does not pass through them due to their extremely high electrical resistance, characteristic from which they are known by their other name: ceramic magnets.
Ferrite magnets are manufactured by wet or dry pressing and sometimes by extrusion. Wet pressing provides stronger magnetic properties, e.g. C8 ferrite. Dry pressing provides better dimensional tolerances, such as C5 ferrite.
In addition, the magnets are sintered to fuse the powder and then processed to the final shape. The extrusion method can be applied to produce arc segment shapes that are then cut lengthwise. Sometimes new tools are required to produce ferrite magnets if existing tools do not allow the desired shape to be produced. Typical tolerances for ferrite magnets are +/- 0.25 mm, although +/- 3% is also used.
When ferrite magnets heat up, their high intrinsic coercivity really improves (improving demagnetization resistance) making them extremely popular in motor and generator designs.
In fact, the use of ferrite magnets in loudspeaker applications is very common, precisely because only these types of permanent magnets become noticeably more resistant to demagnetization when heated.
Ferrite magnets have a positive temperature coefficient of intrinsic coercivity (it changes in +0.27% / degrees C with respect to the environment) and only ferrite expresses this characteristic that much. However, the magnetic output drops with temperature (it has a negative induction temperature coefficient of -0.2% / ambient degC). The end result is that ferrite magnets, or ceramic magnets, can be used at high temperatures with very few problems.
Ferrite magnets can be used up to +250 degrees C (and in some cases up to +300 degrees C), making them ideal for use in electrical machines and most high temperature applications. At sub-zero temperatures, for example, less than -10 to -20 degrees Celsius, ferrite magnets may begin to show reduced tensile strength. That is, the temperature and degree of attenuation depends on the shape of the magnet and are application specific. In most applications, the operating temperature is not low enough for this effect to occur.
This is because if its temperature coefficient of +0.27% / degrees C of intrinsic Coercivity – the Hci drops as the magnet cools. The ferrite can demagnetize if placed in a too cold environment, but it is the total design of the magnetic circuit that determines how cold the magnet must be before any impairement is noticed.
Among the main features of ferrite magnets is the fact that it is possible to cut them without losing magnetism, while they can be used in a number of applications, including:
If you have doubts between buying a neodymium magnet or ferrite magnets, at IMA we help you choose the type of magnet that best suits your needs. If you have any questions, please ask us.